The current COVID-19 crisis has been difficult for everyone and we have all been forced to adapt to a new normal.
Many of us are lucky enough to be able to continue to work have been working remotely for almost 2 months which brings its own challenges. Working remotely can be difficult for everyone, including employees with an intellectual disability.
We recently spoke to Marie Devitt and Barbara Ringwood from Trinity Centre for People with Intellectual Disabilities (TCPID) and our own colleague Mei Lin about how COVID-19 has impacted employees with disabilities and how employers can help support people across their organisations.
The Employee Perspective: Mei Lin Yap, HR Assistant, Cpl
A month ago, I had it all. Going to work in Cpl as part of Group HR every Monday, Wednesday, Thursday and Friday. (You can read about Mei Lin's journey to reach employment as a woman with a disability here.)
I was also going out to IDS-TILDA whenever I was asked to be involved in the work that they do. Then in my spare time, spending time with my friends and going for walks with my dog Murphy.
Helping Seanad Candidate Hugo MacNeill with his campaign trail and being involved with the great work that Open Doors do, as well as being involved with Trinity Centre for People with Intellectual Disabilities.
Life during the COVID-19 pandemic
Now due to COVID-19, I'm working remotely. I have a new routine and am trying to keep healthy and fit. I am enjoying being at home, getting up before work and doing my workouts online with Joe Wicks, having my breakfast and coffee and starting my working day. I find having this routine helpful.
I'm helping my mum with various things, giving her tea in bed in the mornings and finding things to do at home. Helping with the cooking, cleaning the house, baking, gardening and walking my dog Murphy. (And of course, enjoying watching Netflix.)
Working remotely challenges
What I find challenging right now is using my laptop, whereas normally in the office I'd have two screens. This can be a bit of a challenge when I am working on something*.
It is very different, but I reckon I can manage using my laptop for as long as I need to. *Cpl are looking into this feedback and are looking into alternative accommodations for Mei Lin.)
It can be a struggle to keep healthy and fit, making sure I have the right portion sizes and keeping an eye on snacking. It is very hard not having any face to face interaction and I find that very strange. It's nice when I do have that interaction with my team via video on Microsoft Teams.
I also feel more included thanks to Cpl's Staying Connected Campaign. I'm enjoying the scheduled 'Virtual Cafè' catch-ups, virtual lunches, step challenges and Zevo's (Cpl's wellness partner) wellness app.
When COVID-19 began it was a culture shock to me. I have adapted well and I'm now in the right mindset to focus and deal with the situation in hand. I miss being with my colleagues, but I am getting all the support that I need from my team who are keeping me engaged in the work that I am doing.
My tips for employers would be to:
Keep a routine & prioritise tasks:
When I am working, I normally sign in at 10:15 am. I set up my laptop at my desk in my home which I'm using as my office.
I check in with my manager and then I get assigned the work that I need to do. I check my emails and my manager prioritises my work that I do in terms of urgency.
I make sure that it's done effectively and is done right. If I have any questions about anything that I am working on I ask and get feedback when necessary on the work that I do which is very helpful.
I take my lunch as normal and take my 15-minute break in the afternoon to give my eyes a break. At the end of each day, before I sign off for the evening, I check in with my manager to give her an update on the work that has been done.
I am staying connected with my team using Microsoft Teams. I really enjoy using it as I never used it before. The video aspect makes a big difference and I love being able to see my colleagues when I have my daily check-ins.
We haven't been together in so long; we nearly tend to forget what they look like otherwise. I also have my work WhatsApp group which is great to have and to be included in others' lives.
I also feel a lot more included since Cpl's Virtual Café launched, which I am enjoying and it's great to see new faces every week. I also love that we have the step challenges twice a week every week. It is great when you are a competitive person.
The Professionals Perspective: Marie Devitt, TCPID Pathways Coordinator & Barbara Ringwood, TCPID Senior Occupational Therapist Trinity Centre for People with Intellectual Disabilities (TCPID), School of Education, Trinity College Dublin
The advice here is based upon our experience with our TCPID Graduate Internship programme and applies to office-based roles.
As with every employee, it is important to provide suitable technology that they can work on at home. Don't assume that everyone will have access to high-quality broadband, so if possible, in addition to a laptop you should provide an internet dongle. This will help to alleviate any potential connection issues.
If the technology is new, you may need to provide some technical support for the initial setup. If this needs to be completed remotely discuss what's needed in terms of support. This could be supported from a family member to access the technology.
Many people including people with an intellectual disability work better with a structured routine.
Try, where possible, to maintain a routine or a schedule that matches what the office schedule had been previously. The work hours should be the same, for example, if an individual had been working from 10 am until 1 pm in the office, the same hours should be maintained for working virtually.
It's important for the individual not to continue working past the scheduled hours, even if the daily tasks haven't been completed.
Regular check-ins are a great way to support all employees and to reduce any feelings of concern or worry about the work being completed.
Schedule some one-on-one calls, as well as including everyone in virtual team meetings. Not everyone will feel comfortable participating in an online group chat so maybe check with people in advance before calling on them to speak in a group conversation.
Social interaction is hugely important for everyone. Coffee breaks should be included in the new remote working schedule. A virtual coffee break with a colleague or colleagues will help to maintain a sense of normality. The coffee breaks should be set at a specific time on each day where possible.
Ideally, a new remote working schedule should be given to the individual to include start time, coffee break time, team meetings, lunchtime and finish time on each day. Having an accessible, structured schedule helps to create a sense of structure and guidance.
Clear instructions and guidelines for tasks
Remote working can be challenging for a person with an intellectual disability as they don't have the same physical support of their mentor to demonstrate new tasks for them.
If a new task needs to be explained, provide multiple methods of instruction to it's clear what's expected and needed.
- Introduce one new task at a time. There should be no more than one new task introduced per week.
- Clear written instructions should always be provided. These should be in short sentences or bullet points using simple text.
- If possible, use instructional images to accompany the text.
- Where possible, avoid the use of acronyms or unfamiliar jargon
- In addition to the written instructions, demonstrate the task via a video call / shared screen
- Allow the individual the chance to do a test run of completing the task with the support of their colleague or mentor on screen before being asked to complete it alone.
- Allow time for practice within the working day before the task needs to be completed.
Always use clear, unambiguous instructions. For example, instead of saying 'submit the completed file by the end of the day', you could say 'email the Excel file with the 10 new supplier names and addresses to Marie Devitt at firstname.lastname@example.org by 2 pm on Monday, May 11th.'
It may be a good idea to only give the workload for each day on the day itself so that the individual does not become overwhelmed and knows that they have completed everything required of them.
Don't underestimate the capability of your employees
Never underestimate what your employees are capable of. Everyone can adapt to a new way of working if they have the right support and guidance from their mentor and their team.
It is also worth remembering that everyone is different so what works for some may not work for others.
Check with each of your employees to see what supports they would appreciate and what would help them to continue to do their work remotely throughout this crisis.